IDEA9106 Design Thinking

Design is a state of mind



MIT student at University of Sydney


Choose one of the objects you selected and describe how your initial understanding of its affordances changed over the course of the exercise?

I choose the folk from the kitchen. I tried different angle to get more descriptive view of the product. Finally the side view show the curves and full product design. The main purpose of this product id help to have/ feed a food.


I think from different user point of view


  • Too heavy to hold for kids
  • Design is quite dangerous, easily they can hurt their eyes.
  • My son can use as play dough tool to create impression

I tried many angle to think the product usage from different angle:

  • Can use as a comb to brush the hair
  • Can be a table number holder
  • Dicking tool for grading
  • Can use to scratch the back

Given that affordances is a relational property between a person and an object, how did the manipulation of the object and the person’s abilities inform your understanding of the concept? Did it give you inspiration or insight for how to work with affordances as a designer? Discuss this through the specific objects you explored in the exercise.

I choose the cute ornament that my husband gifted me on last wedding anniversary. It’s a symbol of love. It has 2 hearts with flower inside the glass with mercury.


Only when I shake or turn I can see the glitters in the fluid moving and creating nice sparkly effect. Its like a hidden affordances . Designer designed the product with hidden affordances , when the user start using or shaking only know there is a feature in the product like glitters.


When I am thinking deeply I start use as my stress reliever to turn upside down and watch the glitters moving. Sometime I use as a paper weightier in the office. Sometime its look like a wedding cake.

Depend on my mood and situation I use the product in different aspects than the primary design of the product.



How did physically acting out help to explore ideas?

Our group choose the topic as current problem of sleeping in aero plane. Since its common problem for everyone travelling in economy class it’s easy for the team members to relate and come up with the problems. We have start writing all the problems in the sheet of paper as a first step and then we arrange the lab chairs as a seats of plane and we sit and start thinking the problem.

Its fair different experience to explore the idea as acting physically than brainstorming in the piece of paper. We could understand the gap in our idea in real world such as seat size and the arrangement of seat, reclaiming problems, eating/watching, etc.

Always its a good idea to do the body storming as part of the ideation.

Did you refine your ideas and solutions to the problem through body storming? In what way?

Yes, initially we thought of suggesting the moving the chairs upward or downward wheels to give the space to the passengers seated in the middle or window site to get in or go out for rest room without affecting the person next to him. Then only we noticed that will be problem with real-estate. It might need more space in the air craft where they will end up with less passenger seating. Then we though pf having spinning chair which you can turn and give spaces to the passengers. Also its east to turn and have a chat with the person in the back seat when we travel with big family/friends.

The key idea was to have the hoots for all the seats where the passenger can wear the hooded glass cover which joined to the seat.

  •  It will give a private space to watch movie
  • You can make dark to sleep without getting disturbed with common lights
  • You can have private reading lights to read books.
  • Adjust the air-condition testing as per your choice
  • Can set mild fragrance as per your choice.

Hoods will make a private comfort travelling/sleeping experience in the aero plane.

What was difficult or challenging about body storming?

Limited probes to prototype the idea. Just we got the seats nothing else to create the hoots or other options to do prototype.

Does bodystorming lend itself to certain types of problems?

Bodystroming has a problem of setup the environment to match the problem domain.We should feel the real problematic environment in some way to think about the problem and ideate the solution where brainstorming not required anything.


How did taking the position of an Extreme User influence your thinking in relation to the design challenge?

Our team choose the person with extreme romantic sense. It’s a nice experience to imagine as the different person. Everyone trigger the romantic sense and went back to teenage and recall the memories and start sharing the stuff they like to enjoy when they spend time with their better half.

Since all 4 team members are ladies, we had similar thoughts on the ideas and all the thoughts are cute and girlish.

Was it different to how you usually generate ideas and empathy?

This approach different from other techniques. It’s mostly related to the feelings/nature of the person. We have to feel like a person with some attributes of him/her and design the product which they will like in a special situation.

The Product we suggested is a “Romantic Hanging Egg Swing” phone booth which will perfectly suit for the romantic person to spend time with his lover in a relaxed private place.


Did any of the other design thinking techniques (design provocation cards, stories, storyboards, etc.) help you to work through ideas and collaborate with your group members?

First we decide the background story line. Newly married husband need to spend his lunch time with his wife talking over the phone in relaxed private place for 30 min.

Our product designed to have

  • Comfy seating with pillows
  • Swinging Egg
  • Fairy lights
  • Nice fragrance pump
  • Glass covered door
  • Hand free speaker
  • Reminder set up
  • Changing colour glass shell

Then we start drawing the storyboards to elaborate the story. It’s really fun to share the story with the team member.

Supporting/Designing environmentally sustainable Office practices through technology


Supporting/Designing environmentally sustainable Office practices through technology

Summary Poster

Empathy and Defamiliarisation

Reflective listening

I choose the topic of “The challenges of speaking English as a second language”. When I was speaking I just started with sharing my culture background and intro to my mother tongue.  I divided my life phases like School Going/ University Life/ Professional Life and mentioned how I improved my language skill in all  the mentioned phases and the problem and difficulties I faced throughout all the phases of my life. Hope this approach makes the listener to travel through my story and start empathize my situation.

Likewise my partner choose the topic of “The reasons you selected your professional background.” I like the role of listener. It’s remembered my childhood story time. She is changing many profession until she find the job satisfaction. Still her searching is continues…

According to the task, I conclude that the speaker has more responsibility to make the listener engaged with what we are speaking and let them travel through the situation and start feeling the situation of the speaker and empathize as him.

Defamiliarisation of everyday reality

This task we watched 2 videos related to public transport (Train/Bus)

First video recorder at Cirucler Quay railway station. While I am watching the video without any perception, these are following things came to my mind

  • My Morning walk to catch the train to office, Last minute run to catch the train.
  • Since the station near to my house is a slow station, normally it’s a big wait to catch the train in the off-peek time. Memories of waiting for train in 30 min time
  • Circular Quay station always a nice memory of my first visit to Australia and visit Opera house for very first time
  • Circular Quay is like a tourist spot for me since I used to take all the guests and new migrants to Australia to opera house using this station

Like the Second video about the bus travelling in local suburb

  • I hardly using bus for my transport
  • It remembers my first couple of month of life after we migrate Australia when we don’t have car we use bus for small distance travel.
  • Always I feel dizzy when the bus route have many turns.
  • Always I meet elderly people travelling in the bus during off-peak hours

This exercise recap all my memory and I just start feel like I am travelling in the bus/train while I am watching the video. I could relate many situation/memories in my life.

 Experience modelling

As part of the exercise we wear the safety glass wrapped with the wrap to make the unclear vision and start walking in the class room and took some photos with camera wrapped with wrap. All about this task we travel with unclear vision and took some blurry pictures of familiar objects.

Since I have some issue with my eye side, this task was quite tricky for me.

This task make the familiar places as unfamiliar since we missed the clear sight. So hard to identify the photos actually what I captured due to the blurry images.

This task clearly underline that when we design the product/Services we have to emphasis all kind of people situation and the problem with their sense.

Creating Personas

Describe your experience of creating a single persona from different users’ perspectives gathered in the interview data. Was there enough commonality between the 4 people interviewed to form a coherent persona? Or would it have made more sense to create a second different persona?

Our group chooses the topic as “Supermarket shopping” since it’s a weekly routine for everyone we had enough talk about the topic. I really surprised to see the common patterns in our life style and set of routines in everyone shopping experience. We learn some tricks and good planning process on shopping, using app for checklist, Offers, rewards, etc.

Once we put all the interview data and start finding the pattern we could able to find three of the group members who are from Asian culture had similar patterns in the shopping routine compare to the one from native(Australian).

Asian background people more concern about the saving on weekly shopping and attracted by the rewards than brand conscious, Native people vice versa more priority for brand than saving. This characteristics made easy to create 2 separate persona.

We thought it’s good to create one persona to represent the 3 members who had similar patterns in the shopping experience and another one for the other one who had a unique pattern. We could find the clear different in two persona and thought it make sense to create 2 persona.


Do you think your final persona was successful in generating empathy with users? What would you change to make it better?

Yes of cause. Our final persona was the imaginary person who is the representation of all three members who are migrants from Asian background and common motivation for saving on shopping and attracted by offers and incentives.

We draw the image of the person with all three people similarities and came with the really nice punch to describe the Persona’s shopping thought “Budget Savvy”


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